World Diabetes Day

Various medical supplies that diabetics use.

While November is Diabetes Awareness Month, November 14 is World Diabetes Day.

How much do you actually know about diabetes?

According to Quincy Medical Group, 1 in 11 adults have diabetes and 46.5% of adults with diabetes are undiagnosed.

By 2040, this number is projected to grow to 1 in 10.

Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to produce insulin.

For those with Type 1 diabetes, also called Juvenile Diabetes, the pancreas stops working.

Diabetics with Type 1 have to inject themselves with insulin daily to survive.

Type 1 diabetes is not influenced by weight and there is no cure.

Those with Type 2 diabetes have a functioning pancreas but may still need insulin.

A healthy lifestyle can cure Type 2 diabetes in 70% of cases.

Dr. Dustin Higgins is an endocrinologist at Quincy Medical Group.

He stresses the importance of a third type, called gestational diabetes that occurs during pregnancy.

"A lot of times they're not symptomatic so they don't even know that they have it which is why it's important when you're pregnant to go to your OBGYN and to get the oral glucose tolerance test," explained Higgins.

Gestational diabetes is also considered a form of Type 2 and can be reversed with proper diet and exercise.

Birth defects can occur if left untreated.

No matter what type of diabetes someone has, technology has made all forms manageable and easier to live with.

Insulin pumps with apps that connect to cell phones are just one example.

"Being able to link those to your cell phone and so you can monitor your blood sugars in real time. Every five minutes it'll, if you have a sensor, it'll be able to tell you what your blood sugar is and that's very helpful with diabetes. Especially Type 1 diabetes where it can fluctuate quite a bit," Higgins said.

For a full list of Diabetes Apps, click here.

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