Illinois remembers The Forgotten War
Mon, 24 May 2010 17:51:08 GMT — The following information came via news release: The Forgotten War is forgotten no more in Illinois. The State of Illinois is commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Korean War by supplying information each month about the state TMs involvement in the conflict. Starting in June 2010 and running through July 2013, the state TMs newspapers, radio and TV stations will be provided with the names of Illinois service people killed in action 60 years ago that month, key developments in the war, accounts of Illinois TM Korean War Medal of Honor recipients, and other information designed to inform citizens of the war that killed 1,754 Illinois and 54,246 United States citizens. We must always remember the brave men and women who served honorably and paid the ultimate price defending our freedom during the Korean War, said Governor Pat Quinn, who has proclaimed June 25, 2010 as Korean War Remembrance Day in Illinois. Monthly history lessons about the heroic contributions of our service members during the conflict in Korea, a war too often forgotten, will ensure that this generation, and those to follow, never forget these heroes and the values they fought for. The Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs, Illinois Korean Memorial Association, and the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum are sponsoring Illinois Remembers the Forgotten War along with media partners the Illinois Press Association and the Illinois Broadcasters Association. The purpose of history is to remind people where we TMve been and what we TMve done. We couldn TMt be more proud to remind Illinoisans where the members of our armed forces went and what they did during the Korean War, said Illinois Historic Preservation Agency Director Jan Grimes. The State of Illinois has a long and distinguished history of military service to the nation, and the Korean War is no exception. We remember, with gratitude and honor, the men and women from Illinois who answered the call to duty and courageously and selflessly served. They will never be forgotten, said Dan Grant, director of the Illinois Department of Veterans TM Affairs. The first information series follows, covering the months of June and July 1950. The next information will be distributed in July 2010 and will cover August 1950. For more information, or to access information that has already been distributed, visit www.Illinois-History.gov or www.veterans.illinois.gov. Illinoisans killed in action in Korea, June and July, 1950 By county of residence (Source: U.S. Department of Defense records) Alexander Pvt. Jack E. Poole, Army, July 25. Brown PFC William E. Calaway, Army, July 16. Cass Pvt. Robert W. Murphy, Army, July 24. Champaign Sgt. Harold L. Evans, Army, July 27. Clinton Pvt. Daniel E. Luebbers, Army, July 16. Cpl. Ralph L. Parks, Army, July 20. Pvt. Harry R. Reed, Army, July 29. Cook Pvt. Vincent A. Vega, Army, July 5. 1st Lt. John G. White, Jr., Army, July 5. Pvt. Michelo A. Macino, Army, July 7. 1st Lt. Arvid O. Munson, Army, July 7. Pvt. Spencer R. Watt, Army, July 10. Pvt. Stanley G. Durachta, Army, July 11. Pvt. Narcisco Chavis, Jr., Army, July 12. Pvt. Edgar S. Heffley, Army, July 12. PFC Richard A. Kadlec, Army, July 12. Pvt. Ernest A. Wendling, Army, July 12. PFC Rudolph M. Canales, Army, July 16. PFC Ronald D. Dusek, Army, July 16. Pvt. George E. Eustis, Army, July 16. Pvt. Thomas J. Healy, Army, July 16. Pvt. Adrian J. Kusiolek, Army, July 16. SFC Edward W. Matchett, Army, July 16. Pvt. Donald A. May, Army, July 16. PFC Kenneth Sutherland, Army, July 16. PFC Gerald Smith, Army, July 17. 1st Lt. Brownell E. Baker, Army, July 20. PFC Raymond J. Bartley, Army, July 20. PFC Frank Cohan, Army, July 20. Sgt. Robert F. DeHaan, Army, July 20. Pvt. Robert G. Green, Army, July 20. PFC Michael J. Hart, Jr., Army, July 20. Pvt. Robert E. Lorenz, Army, July 20. Sgt. Ernest Siudzinski, Army, July 20. Pvt. Richard J. Tugman, Army, July 20. Cpl. Jacob Vanderlaan, Army, July 20. Capt. Frederick B. Wirt, Army, July 20. SFC Joseph E. Stancel, Army, July 22. Cpl. Robert S. Boras, Army, July 24. Cpl. William Jones, Army, July 25. Cpl. Richard F. Yagac, Army, July 25. PFC Frank P. Janowitz, Army, July 26. 1st Lt. Alfred K. McIlquaham, Army, July 27. PFC William R. Steger, Army, July 27. Pvt. Edmund Synski, Army, July 27. 1st Lt. Howard W. Cantrell, Army, July 29. PFC Louis C. Toribio, Army, July 29. PFC Marvin R. Hoffman, Army, July 30. Cpl. Peter M. Janettas, Army, July 30. PFC Leeroy Whitlow, Army, July 30. PFC Edward Wolfe, Army, July 30. PFC Eugene Young, Army, July 30. PFC Harry L. Bowers, Sr., Army, July 31. Cpl. John H. Garvin, Jr., Army, July 31. Cpl. George A. Johnson, Army, July 31. Cpl. Charles W. Nelsen, Army, July 31. Crawford Pvt. Joseph L. Beel, Army, July 25. DeKalb Pvt. Sigurd L. Carlson, Army, July 21. DuPage PFC Patrick J. Rawlings, Army, July 16. Pvt. John J. Lemes, Army, July 28. Edwards Sgt. Roy D. Axton, Army, July 16. Effingham Sgt. Frank L. Ludwig, Army, July 20. Fayette Pvt. George R. Haslett, Army, July 31. Franklin PFC Albert E. Rose, Army, July 7. Pvt. Paul A. Frost, Army, July 20. Gallatin Pvt. J.W. Browning, Army, July 29. Greene PFC Walter R. Baker, Army, July 12. PFC Kenneth J. Edwards, Army, July 20. Grundy PFC Arthur T. Hannon, Army, July 26. PFC Milton R. Grieff, Army, July 31. Hamilton Pvt. Eugene Jordan, Army, July 19. Henry Pvt. Keith Echelberger, Army, July 24. Iroquois Maj. Fred E. Marlowe, Army, July 12. Jackson PFC Carol R. Myers, Army, July 7. SSgt. Lewis O. McNeill, Air Force, July 28. Jefferson Cpl. Darrell M. Duff, Army, July 16. Pvt. Emery B. Northcutt, Army, July 27. Pvt. Harold L. Waters, Army, July 31. Jo Daviess Pvt. Elwyn G. Broege, Army, July 24. Kane Pvt. Wayne W. Hill, Army, July 20. Pvt. Dale H. Brooks, Army, July 28. Kankakee Pvt. Arthur W. Helderman, Army, July 18. PFC Frank V. Bonomo, Army, July 25. SFC John Y. Ellison, Army, July 27. Knox Pvt. Kenneth L. Skinner, Army, July 6. PFC Paul E. Hoots, Army, July 7. LaSalle Cpl. Carl W. Pitts, Army, July 20. PFC Stanley Samolinski, Army, July 27. Lawrence Pvt. Robert G. Faith, Army, July 11. Pvt. Thomas J. Maidens, Army, July 16. SFC James L. Glidewell, Army, July 22. Livingston 1st Lt. Gerald McPherson, Air Force, July 1. Logan PFC William S. Boyer, Army, July 20. Madison PFC Robert L. Brewster, Army, July 8. PFC James C. Williams, Army, July 20. Cpl. Wilbur F. Harris, Army, July 25. PFC Robert H. DuChemin, Army, July 29. Marion Pvt. Richard McKelvey, Army, July 10. Mason Pvt. Melvin H. Lane, Army, July 5. McLean Cpl. Raymond Morrissey, Army, June 30. PFC Charles R. Conley, Army, July 11. Pvt. William V. Croke, Army, July 27. PFC Melvin E. Lipscomb, Army, July 30. Montgomery Pvt. Glenn M. Clark, Army, July 12. Morgan Cpl. William A. Bennett, Army, July 7. PFC Jack J. Witwer, Army, July 16. Peoria Cpl. Robert O. Bristol, Army, July 19. PFC Dale A. Demmin, Army, July 20. Rock Island Pvt. Warren F. Haskins, Army, July 12. PFC James E. Marler, Army, July 20. Pvt. William McCracken, Army, July 27. St. Clair Pvt. John R. Stovall, Army, July 7. 1st Lt. Louis W. Armstrong, Army, July 16. PFC Herman B. Mueller, Army, July 27. PFC John Jarrett, Army, July 29. Saline Sgt. Gordon C. Russell, Army, July 14. Cpl. Melvin L. Bristow, Army, July 20. PFC Robert E. Carpenter, Army, July 25. Sangamon Pvt. Marion F. Batchelor, Army, July 11. PFC Richard E. Abbey, Jr., Army, July 20. PFC Edwin E. Miller, Army, July 20. PFC Perry A. Skaggs, Army, July 23. Stephenson PFC Edward A. Cardinal, Army, July 5. Tazewell PFC Robert L. Barbour, Army, July 10. Pvt. Kenneth L. Bennett, Army, July 27. Vermilion Capt. Clarence B. Odle, Air Force, July 1. PFC Arthur L. Bishop, Army, July 11. Whiteside PFC John G. Krebs, Army, July 11. PFC George J. Krebs, Army, July 12. Williamson Pvt. Jerry D. Lansford, Army, July 12. Pvt. Donald L. Schaefer, Army, July 29. Winnebago Capt. Douglas R. Anderson, Army, July 12. PFC Harry J. Radanovich, Army, July 12. Sgt. John H. Darnell, Jr., Army, July 20. Pvt. Bayard G. Phelps, Army, July 30. Illinois Medal of Honor Recipient Major General William F. Dean, U.S. Army Chester, Illinois The first Illinois recipient of the Congressional Medal of Honor for his actions during the Korean War was Chester, Illinois TM Major General William F. Dean. General Dean was the commanding officer of the 24th Infantry Division on July 20 and 21, 1950 during a battle with advancing North Korean forces in Taejon, South Korea. He commanded a unit that had been suddenly relieved of its occupation duties in Japan and had yet to see combat. They were faced with a highly trained enemy force with overwhelmingly superior numbers. During the battle, General Dean and his men attacked North Korean tanks with the only anti-tank weapons they had, 2.36-inch bazookas that were ineffective against the modern North Korean armor. General Dean personally attacked and knocked out a tank using only a hand grenade, then directed the fire of his own unit TMs tanks from a position that was exposed to artillery and small-arms fire. When the town of Taejon was overrun, General Dean organized his unit TMs retreat, directed stragglers, and was last seen assisting the wounded to a place of safety. The Congressional Medal of Honor was presented to Dean TMs family because he was officially listed as missing in action. However, the next year, it was learned that Dean was a prisoner of war, and he was among those prisoners released in 1953. He was the highest ranking American officer captured during the Korean War. Dean returned to the United States and died in 1981. Key events during the Korean War June and July 1950 North Korea launched its invasion of South Korea on June 25, 1950 with 135,000 men supported by tanks. The South Korean forces numbered 98,000. The United Nations Security Council immediately called for an end to the aggression and a withdrawal of North Korean troops. Two days later President Harry Truman authorized U.S. air and naval operations in support of South Korea south of the 38th Parallel, the border between the two nations. In the first aerial dogfight of the war, a U.S. Air Force plane shot down a North Korean fighter on June 27. North Korean forces rapidly advanced against the hopelessly outnumbered and under-equipped South Koreans. The South Korean capital of Seoul fell on June 28, just three days after the invasion began. On June 29 President Truman authorized a naval blockade of Korea and the bombing of targets in North Korea. The U.S.S. Juneau conducted the first U.S. Navy bombardment of the war, and U.S. bombers attacked an airfield near the North Korean capital of Pyongyang, destroying 25 enemy aircraft on the ground and one in the sky. British and Australian ships joined the U.S. Navy in the waters surrounding Korea. On June 30, President Truman authorized the commitment of U.S. ground troops to combat in Korea, called Armed Forces Reserves to active duty, and extended the military draft through 1951. That same day, the first Illinois serviceman was killed in action in Korea. He would be the first of 1,754 Illinoisans to lose their lives in the war, and one of 54,246 U.S. soldiers to be killed in combat in Korea. United States soldiers that had been on garrison duty in Japan began arriving in Korea on July 1, including the Army TMs 24th and 25th Infantry Divisions and the First Cavalry Division. Ill-prepared and under-equipped to face battle-hardened North Korean soldiers and their tanks, the American troops suffered heavy casualties. Major General William F. Dean, an Illinois native and the commander of the U.S. 24th Infantry Division, landed with his troops in Korea on July 3, the same day the South Korean port city of Inchon fell to the North Koreans. Two days later the 24th Division met North Korean forces at Osan in the first land battle for U.S. troops in the war. The United Nations Security Council on July 7 asked the United States to organize a U.N. command to fight the North Korean invasion. The next day President Truman named General Douglas MacArthur to head the U.N. command. Meanwhile, U.S. and South Korean soldiers stalled, but did not stop, the North Korean advance during heavy fighting. During the July 20 " 21 battle for Taejon, General Dean was reported missing in action following a heroic stand defending the city, for which he received the Medal of Honor; he was later confirmed to be a prisoner of war. A draft call was issued July 27 for 50,000 inductees for the U.S. Armed Forces. With North Korean forces poised to conquer all of South Korea and U.S. and South Korean troops backed into a corner of the country around the city of Pusan and along the Naktong River, Eighth U.S. Army Commander General Walton Walker issued his famous stand or die order on July 29. Under his leadership the defensive perimeter held until a daring amphibious invasion in September took the pressure off of his forces. 60 th Anniversary Observance June 27, 2010 Illinois Korean War Memorial A special 60th anniversary observance will be held Sunday, June 27 at 11 a.m. at the Illinois Korean War Memorial in Springfield. The public is invited to attend. The Illinois Korean War Memorial is located in Springfield TMs Oak Ridge Cemetery, the same cemetery that contains the Lincoln Tomb. Oak Ridge is the nation TMs second most visited burial ground behind only Arlington National Cemetery. Dedicated on June 16, 1996, the memorial consists of a 12-foot-tall bronze bell mounted on a granite base. At the circumference of the base are four niches, each with a larger-than-life figure representing a branch of the armed services. Inscribed on the base are the 1,754 names of Illinoisans killed in Korea. The Illinois Korean War Memorial is administered by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency and may be visited daily free of charge. Korean War POWs: A Tragedy in Three Acts Special Presentations June 3, 10, 17 and 24 Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum will present a series of Power Point presentations on the harrowing experiences or Korean War POWs, presented on three successive Thursdays in June by the Library TMs Oral Historian, Dr. Mark R. DePue, who has conducted nearly 40 interviews with Korean War veterans, including several with POWs. In addition, the film Pork Chop Hill starring Gregory Peck, about a key Korean War battle, will be shown in the Museum on June 24. The presentations, which are free and open to the public, will be held June 3, June 10 and June 17 at 7 p.m. in the Presidential Museum TMs Union Theater. The series, entitled Korean War POWs: A Tragedy in Three Acts, features:
June 3, Act 1: From Catastrophe to Triumph, and Back Again " The War TMs First Year. This will include a book signing by Carl Greenwood of Springfield, author of Once Upon a Lifetime, a memoir of his experiences as a U.S. Marine during the Korean War, including the landings at Inchon and the Battle of the Chosin Reservoir. Greenwood will also sell the booklet Korea " The Forgotten War, which was prepared by the Illinois Korean Memorial Association. June 10, Act 2: Brutal Captivity " US & UN Prisoners Endure Cruelty and Indoctrination. This will include a book signing by William Smith of Quincy, author of A Moment in Time: A Korean POW Survivor TMs Story, a memoir of his experiences as a POW for two and a half years. June 17, Act 3: No Middle Ground " The War within the UN-run Camps, and the Talks at Panmunjom. If there is one aspect of the Korean War that is usually overlooked, it TMs the war that raged in the respective prison camps, both north and south. Prisoners were forced to choose either collaboration or resistance, with their lives hanging in the balance. Why? Because of the UN TMs (President Truman TMs) refusal to repatriate thousands of North Korean and Chinese prisoners against their will. Peace talks began in July 1951, and continued in fits and starts for two more bloody years while the war dragged on at the front. The talks finally ended at Panmunjom in July 1953, resulting not in peace, but in a shaky armistice. The border that divides North and South Korea remains to this day the most heavily fortified border in the world. Ultimately, the war fought in the POW compounds, both north and south, is the perfect microcosm of what the Cold War was about, a war between the world TMs two superpowers and two diametrically opposed ideologies " with the prisoners servings as the pawns. The film Pork Chop Hill dramatizes the battle that occurred late in the Korean War and does an excellent job of portraying the type of combat that occurred when the peace talks dragged on. The 1959 film starring Gregory Peck will be shown free of charge in the Presidential Museum TMs Union Theater on Thursday, June 24 at 7 p.m. Korean War Veterans Oral History Project Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum TMs Oral History Program offers Veterans Remember, a collection of interviews with Illinois residents about their wartime experiences, at the Library TMs website, www.alplm.org/oral_history/home.html. The audio interviews concern the experiences of Illinois veterans who fought in several conflicts, including the Korean War, as well as the experiences of those on the home front. Visitors to the website can listen to or watch the interviews in their entirety. Several of the interviews have transcripts, and most have still images as well. Website visitors will need a computer capable of playing MP3 audio files or MPG compressed video files in order to listen to the interviews. The transcripts and still images are also accessible. Volunteers conducted and edited many of the interviews and developed the transcripts that accompany them. Korean War National Museum The Korean War National Museum is being developed in downtown Springfield, Illinois just two blocks from the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. When completed, the 55,000-square-foot, $18.4 million museum will feature artifacts and exhibits pertaining to the war. Donations are being encouraged to complete the facility. For more information or to donate, visit www.kwnm.org. Korean War Booklet The Illinois Korean Memorial Association, an all-volunteer organization, has published a booklet, A Brief History of the Korean War, copies of which have been provided free of charge to public libraries, high schools and junior high schools in Illinois. Individuals may obtain a copy by sending $10 in a check or money order to: Illinois Korean Memorial Association, P.O. Box 8554, Springfield, IL 62791. Tax deductible donations are welcome. One hundred percent of all donations go to the book project and to the upkeep of the Illinois Korean War Memorial.